Daikon Radish

Find a different vegetable Daikon Radish

Daikon Radish, scientifically known as Raphanus sativus var. longipinnatus, is a white, elongated winter radish with crisp, juicy flesh and a mild, slightly sweet taste. Native to East Asia, this root vegetable has been cultivated for thousands of years and is a staple in many Asian cuisines, particularly Japanese, Chinese, and Korean dishes.

The word 'daikon' is derived from the Japanese words 'dai' meaning 'large' and 'kon' meaning 'root.' Historically, Daikon Radishes have long been valued not only for their culinary uses but also for their medicinal uses in traditional Eastern medicine. They are believed to aid in digestion, detoxification, and reducing inflammation.

Daikon Radishes are versatile and can be prepared in various ways – it can be eaten raw in salads, pickled, stir-fried, or simmered in soups and stews. In Japanese cuisine, you may find grated daikon served as a refreshing condiment alongside grilled fish or tempura. Additionally, it is commonly used to make kimchi, a traditional Korean fermented dish.

This easy-to-grow cool season vegetable thrives in well-draining, fertile soil with consistent moisture. It is typically ready for harvest within 60-90 days after planting, depending on the specific variety. As a natural soil conditioner, daikon radishes can help break up compacted soil due to their taproots, making them an ideal cover crop for improving soil structure.

Nutritionally, Daikon Radishes are low in calories and fat, making them an excellent addition to your diet. They are rich in vitamin C, potassium, and calcium, which provide various health benefits, including supporting immune function and promoting bone health.

Growing Daikon Radish

This is advice is most applicable to growers in the UK, you may need to adjust the timings if you live somewhere with a different climate and/or seasons.

Month Tasks Advice
January - -
February Sow seeds indoors, Sow daikon radish seeds 1/4 inch deep and 1 inch apart in seed trays or pots.
March Sow seeds indoors, Plant out seedlings, Plant out seedlings when they have at least two true leaves and there is no risk of frost.
April Sow seeds outdoors, Sow seeds directly into the garden 1/4 inch deep and 3 inches apart in rows 12 inches apart.
May - -
June - -
July - -
August Sow seeds outdoors, Direct sow daikon radish seeds in loose, fertile soil for a fall harvest.
September Harvest early-sown Daikon Radishes, Harvest daikon radishes when they are 2-3 inches in diameter and 6-12 inches long.
October Harvest, Harvest daikon radishes before the first hard frost.
November Harvest, Finish harvesting daikon radishes before the ground freezes.
December - -

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